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Inferring deleterious-mutation parameters in natural daphnia populations

Abstract

Deng and Lynch (1, 2) proposed to characterize deleterious genomic mutations from changes in the mean and genetic variance of fitness traits upon selfing in outcrossing populations. Such observations can be readily acquired in cyclical parthenogens. Selfing and life-table experiments were performed for two such Daphnia populations. A significant inbreeding depression and an increase of genetic variance for all traits analyzed were observed. Deng and Lynch’s (2) procedures were employed to estimate the genomic mutation rate (U), mean dominance coefficient $$\left( {\bar h} \right)$$ , mean selection coefficient $$\left( {\bar s} \right)$$ , and scaled genomic mutational variance (V m/Ve). On average, Û, $$\left( {\hat \bar h} \right)$$ , $$\left( {\hat \bar s} \right)$$ and $$\frac{{\hat V_m }}{{V_e }}$$ (^ indicates an estimate) are 0.84, 0.30, 0.14 and 4.6E-4 respectively. For the true values, the Û and $$\hat \bar h$$ are lower bounds, and $$\hat \bar s$$ and $$\frac{{\hat V_m }}{{V_e }}$$ upper bounds.

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Correspondence to Hong-Wen Deng.

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Keywords

  • Clutch Size
  • Total Genetic Variance
  • Genomic Mutation
  • Biological Procedure
  • Selfed Progeny