An efficient ligation method in the making of an in vitro virus for in vitro protein evolution
© Springer 2002
Received: 3 July 2002
Accepted: 18 September 2002
The “in vitro virus” is a molecular construct to perform evolutionary protein engineering. The “virion(=viral particle)”(mRNA-peptide fusion), is made by bonding a nascent protein with its coding mRNA via puromycin in a test tube for in vitro translation. In this work, the puromycin-linker was attached to mRNA using the Y-ligation, which was a method of two single-strands ligation at the end of a double-stranded stem to make a stem-loop structure. This reaction gave a yield of about 95%. We compared the Y-ligation with two other ligation reactions and showed that the Y-ligation gave the best productivity. An efficient amplification of the in vitro virus with this “viral genome” was demonstrated.