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Table 1 Composition of the basic herbs and added formulas with different syndromes

From: Adjuvant Chemotherapy with Chinese Herbal Medicine Formulas Versus Placebo in Patients with Lung Adenocarcinoma after Radical Surgery: a Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Basic Herbs for all patients
Chinese nameChinese name (Pinyin)Pharmaceutical nameEnglish nameProduced fromDosage (grams)
夏枯草Xia Ku CaoPrunlla vulgaris L.Spica PrunellaeDry spikes15
生南星Sheng Nan XingArisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott.Arisaema Rhizoma ArisaematisDry rhizoma30
蛇六谷She Liu GuAmorphophallus konjac K.KochRhizoma AmorphophalliDry tubers30
山慈菇Shan Ci GuCremastra appendiculata (D.Don) MakinoPseudobulbus Cremastrae Seu PleionesDry pseudobulb15
泽漆Ze QiEuphorbia helioscopia L.Euphorbiae HelioscopiaeHerba15
石上柏Shi Shang BaiSelaginella Doederleinii HieronSelaginella DoederleiniiHerba30
石见穿Shi Jian ChuanSalvia chinensis Benth.Salviae ChinensisHerba30
重楼Chong LouParis polyphylla Smith var. chinensis (Franch.) H.HaraRhizoma ParidisDry rhizoma15
海藻Hai ZaoSargassumSeaweedLeaves15
瓜蒌皮Gua Lou PiTrichosanthes kirilowii Maxim.Pericarpium TrichosanthisPericarp15
猫爪草Mao Zhua CaoRanunculus ternatus Thunb.Radix Ranunculus TernatiHerba15
生牡蛎Sheng Mu LiConcha OstreaeOyster ShellShell30
大枣Da ZaoZiziphus jujuba Mill.Fructus JujubaeFruit9
For Qi syndrome deficiency, add Yiqi formula:
Chinese nameChinese name(Pinyin)Pharmaceutical nameEnglish nameProduced fromDosage (grams)
黄芪Huang QiAstragalus membranaceus Fisch. ex BungeMilkvetch Root Radix AstragaliDry rhizoma30
党参Dang ShenCodonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.Codonopsis RadixDry rhizoma9
白术Bai ZhuAtractylodes macrocephala Koidz.Atractylodis Macrocephalae RhizomaDry rhizoma12
茯苓Fu LingPoria cocos (Schw.) Wolf.Indian Bread PoriaDry rhizoma15
淫羊藿Yin Yang HuoEpimedium brevicornu Maxim.Epimedii FoliumHerba15
葫芦巴Hu Lu BaTrigonella foenum-graecum L.Common Fenugreek Seed Semen TrigonellaeDry seed15
补骨脂Bu Gu ZhiPsoralea corylifolia L.Fructus PsoraleaeFruit12
For Yin syndrome deficiency, add Yangyin formula:
Chinese nameChinese name(Pinyin)Pharmaceutical nameEnglish nameProduced fromDosage (grams)
北沙参Bei Sha ShenGlehnia littoralis (A.Gray) F.Schmidt ex Miq.Coastal Glehnia RootDry rhizoma30
南沙参Nan Sha ShenAdenophora stricta Miq.Fourleaf Ladybell RootDry rhizoma30
天冬Tian DongAsparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.Cochinchinese Asparagus RootDry rhizoma15
麦冬Mai DongOphiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.Dwarf Lilyturf TuberDry rhizoma15
百合Bai HeLilium brownii var. viridulum BakerLilii BulbusScale leaf15
女贞子Nv Zhen ZiLigustrum lucidum W.T.AitonFructus Ligustri LucidiFruit12